BESPOKE Hinged Wooden Shoe Last: Make your shoes to fit your feet (not the other way around) | Make your own shoes or let us do them for you

BESPOKE Hinged Wooden Shoe Last: Make your shoes to fit your feet (not the other way around) | Make your own shoes or let us do them for you


Shipping to United States: Free

Bespoke Hinged Wooden shoe last

Barefoot style shoe lasts made ergonomically to your foot shape.
Ideal for shoe makers that want to have an exact copy of their own feet or for customers that want me to make a pair of bespoke shoes using a wooden shoe last that will be use for an entire life.

Made in England with the collaboration of the last mill in the UK: Spring Line.

Please allow 3-6 weeks for the shoe last to be milled and sent to you.

Using Rhino 6 and LutraCAD software I am able to print bespoke shoe lasts. We are in a world where our feet are forced to fit into a 'standard' shoe last designed in Italy or China according to the year's fashion aesthetics. Not only that, they only design one size that later is scaled to all the sizes. This causes lots of health issues like bunions and more feet deformities. If we think deeply on the role our feet have we would expend more time in looking for better footwear. Our feet (and our shoes) separate us from the earth. They are the in-between Heaven and Earth. They are also our means to move in the space. We spend about 16 hours a day awake, standing up, walking, using our feet and as a consequence shoes. My late research made me realize the importance of healthy shoes that connect to the ground, that are breathable and flexible. All traditional cultures used barefoot style shoes, mostly made with leather and bespoke to size. 

What do I need in order to make a bespoke 3D shoe last?
-a scan of your foot with a ruler on the side (regular document scanner)
-the following measurements: 
A: Length in cm from heel to big toe in a straight line barefooted
B: Ball girth (widest part) perimeter
C: Waist girth (in between instep and ball girths)
D: Instep girth (the highest part)
E: Short Heel girth (from heel to same point of instep)
F: Ankle perimeter (the narrowest part)

I like the feeling of spreading the toes. It's correct for the tendons and the posture, to prevent bunions, and to aid balance.
I make shoes with the understanding of my martial arts training. The feet have a key role in martial arts.
I will send you the STL for your records, you can check it as well and see if you want to change it or add anything.
Then the shoes will keep the same price, and I will use your shoe last to take the Standards (the masking contour of them) and with that adjust the pattern of the design/s of your choice to make a unique pattern. Then I will print those patterns and start working on the actual shoes. Then I use the 3D printed shoe lasts to mold the leather into the shape of your feet. 


An article about the importance of healthy feet and footwear written by 34th Ninja Grandmaster Masaaki Hatsumi

Silent Stalker

by Masaaki Hatsumi

(This article originally appeared in Ninja Magazine in 1985)

In any martial art, including ninpo, the most important aspect is footwork; therefore I will discuss footwork and the background of certain techniques.

Everyone dislikes the cold, including the ninja; so even in the summer ninja wear tabi, Japanese socks, to keep the feet warm. The feet are the key points of the body for retaining heat and health. In Oriental medicine, it is called zukan no kunetsu, meaning: " Keep the head cold and the feet warm". This is essential for staying in good health as well as curing illness. I, personally, will always wear tabi no matter how warm the weather.

In order to increase strength and virility, the ninja massage their feet by holding the first three toes and rotating them. Even kunoichi (female ninja) practice this technique to ensure-good health of the whole body. It is particularly good for the liver; pancreas and the entire intestinal system. Part of the technique includes rubbing the bottoms of the feet to maintain good blood pressure and a balanced nervous system.

Ninja will also train by walking on beans scattered on the ground; this helps massage pressure points as well as toughens the bottoms of the feet. More advanced ninja eventually learn to walk on tetsubishi (sharp-spiked caltrops) without injury; this is accomplished not only because the feet are toughened, but because the ninja has learned to walk with perfect balance and lightness, distributing his weight so that he barely touches the thorny caltrops.

Walking is an excellent exercise, and one can do it anywhere at anytime. When I walk my three dogs every day, I walk them briskly for three hours, making sure I take small, quick steps. It is a good lesson to learn, even on the street for, occasionally we will encounter a cat or something that will excite the dogs. However, since I am always walking properly, I am always in control; I am never pulled too fast or tripped by a tangled leash.

Two years ago [1983] I held a ninja seminar in Dayton , Ohio . Most of the American students I met there seemed to walk more like "Frankensteins" than martial artists. They found it extremely difficult practising the small, quick steps. Many of them felt I walked too quickly, but I explained that in Japan , the foot is considered the " second heart", and to have a strong heart means to have a strong mind. So, walking properly also develops the mind.Walking is the most important thing in one's life. Even classic Japanese No plays emphasise this.

When this technique of walking is mastered, when one "walks like a ninja", one feels as though their feet never touch the ground. It is as though the ninja walks on air. In fact, one of my students, after observing the demonstration, said, "Sensei, your feet are not touching the ground. You seem to be floating in the air". Another student, a professional soldier whose nation was at war, told me that training of the legs (in his country) was essential; that even while in Japan he always climbed stairs, never took the elevator. When I heard this, I knew he was a good warrior.

Walking is the basic body movement of martial arts. When you are learning the martial arts, be conscious of walking at all times; always train in the aspect of taijutsu (body techniques). It will leave little chance of your being attacked successfully. I know a professional gunfighter who wears gloves all the time. This is a type of thinking that is important to all martial arts: One should always be training and caring for one's self. Training is an everyday thing, just as walking is an everyday thing.

Side-walking (yoko aruki) ninja technique involves lowering ones center of gravity and stepping one foot over the other. It also requires a dance-like arm movement in order to maintain balance.When carrying a weapon, one walks according to the environment and one's relationship to it. It is important to practice side-walking in different environments. With a sword, especially at night, the sword can be drawn and the scabbard used to " feel" what lies ahead.

Next is shizumi araki or low position walking; a technique especially useful in narrow areas. On a narrow path for example, a lower position is better, making you less visible to a potential attacker. Another low side-walking technique is called ninpo uzuru gakure. Mokuton means to hide in the trees; sooton - to hide in the grass; and sekiton - to hide in the rocks. These can all be developed once the basic walking technique is mastered.Whether the ninja walks alone or with others, he and they can progress undetected if everyone walks "correctly". The obvious advantage of walking in numbers while on a mission is that, when you are three ninja, you are six eyes, six ears and three noses, each focused in a different direction so that all areas are covered.

In shoten no jutsu (going up to heaven), ninja practice walking up large plants placed at various angles, increasing the incline to as much as 80 to 85 degrees in order to master the art of walking and climbing in the forest. Training eventually advances to climbing plants or tree trunks situated at 90-degree angles. After reaching the top, the ninja then learn to tumble back down to their original position (kamae). Often, when carrying a sword, both sword and scabbard are used to maintain balance. Side-walking is also used while up in the trees crossing from branch to branch. In koto ryu koppojutsu (which includes side steps and other body techniques), the ninja can easily move backward while facing forward simply by crossing one leg after the other. This is particularly useful when eluding an opponent's attack and positioning ones self for a counter attack.

Ninja no shinobi kobashiri means running in small steps with the body leaning forward. In the night, while in the mountains, you can see the sky between the trees. This is your path. You must also use care when near the water or anything that might give off a reflection, lest you be detected. (Moonlight can be an enemy as well as an ally.)

In Japan , the martial arts are not only "offensive orientated", but very defensive as well. The Japanese are basically agricultural land oriented people; and our martial arts have developed out of that tradition. I hope these illustrations of basic footwork and ninja body movement and techniques have been helpful to you.It is good to start from the ground up. It is important to have good feet on the ground. 


Gaucho Ninja Leather UK
ガウチョ 忍者

A blend of Argentinian Cowboy + Japanese Martial Arts
Gaucho Ninja was created by Lisandro Serra Delmar in 2015.

Born in Spain of Argentinian parents he moved to Argentina as a boy. In 2007, as a young man, Lisandro started experimenting with making leather goods and handmade shoes as a way to enjoy a craft whilst travelling all over the world. The desire to work with leather was in his blood…
His father, Oscar Serra, made leather bags when he was a young man.
His south american great grandfather was a ‘gaucho’ and a saddler, and his daughter (Lisandro´s great auntie) was a shoemaker.

Luis Pereyra, my great grandfather.
Seated behind his sewing machine, he started as a saddler in the Argentinean 1920's. Back then, riding horses was the main way of transportation, so saddlers and leatherworkers were in demand.
He was a Gaucho living in the Argentinean countryside. Years later, the car revolution came in and the Saddleries shut, forcing the craft to fade and almost to vanish. Luis went to live in the city, in Buenos Aires, working as a Jack of all Trades

::The leather work team::

Nada Meredith works for team Gaucho Ninja in Herefordshire, UK. Daughter of an artist and a craftswoman she joined the team in 2018. She used to make yurts for a living and now dedicates most of her time to tending the community smallholding including home educating her three children.

Laurie Lewes works for team Gaucho Ninja in Herefordshire, UK. Expert Teepee maker, complete craft women working with her hands for more than 25 years. She is a recent addition to the team and she is now making many of the leather tabi and boots.

::The support team::

In 2017 Gaucho Ninja moved to Herefordshire UK. A green roof, oak workshop was constructed by Lisandro and Ben Salmon (Nada´s partner) as part of the growing community of artists and makers by the Slough Brook, at the foot of the Black Mountains.

Also resident on the same smallholding of animals, children, low impact dwellings and educational projects is Hattie Duke, Lisandro´s wife and creator of a local organization working to promote education in nature. The most recent addition to the support team are their twin sons, born in April 2019.
Hattie has also recently been published in a collaborative book brought together by Bernard Graves called ´Crafting, Transforming Materials and the Maker’

::Shoes anyone?!::

“I remember when I first discovered that I could walk around barefooted in the house, outside, on the beach. I was in my teens and I noticed that my parents never took off their shoes during the day. Only to go to bed at night.
At first walking barefoot was a statement of subtle rebellion for me. Now it is just one of life’s many pleasures to walk barefoot some of the time.

It is also one of the greatest aids to expel the negative energetic charge of our extensive use of technology too.

A study published a couple of years ago in the Journal of Environmental and Public Health titled “Earthing: Health Implications of Reconnecting the Human Body to the Earth’s Surface Electrons” postulates that earthing could represent a potential treatment/solution to a variety of chronic degenerative diseases.

My observation is that we still have a certain amount of prejudice towards people wearing no shoes (except on a sandy beach where it is entirely acceptable). Perhaps for many people wearing shoes has become an unconscious representation of our intellectual development as human beings and a growing understanding of what is apparently required to keep feet healthy.

And yet, intelligent human beings walked the earth wearing no shoes for hundreds of thousands of years. Evidence from skeletons of the earliest humans suggests none of the damage to the bones that some modern people might attribute to be an inevitable consequence of walking and running barefoot.

So, why do we make shoes?

Of course, for thousands of years people have been wearing shoes without apparent harm. However, there are numerous people with painful foot problems that often affect the rest of the body.

At Gaucho Ninja we make minimalist shoes as a way of striving towards the perfect balance between walking, running or climbing barefoot and wearing restrictive shoes. Because many shoes are just that: restrictive and damaging. They prevent the appropriate development of muscles that make our feet strong and flexible which is what healthy feet need to be.

We are continuously integrating the feedback from our customers with the latest research to bring you what we believe to be the very best option for your hard working feet.

Feet that can feel the ground and receive sensory feedback from the terrain they are moving on whilst being protected from sharp rocks, stones and thorns are happy, healthy feet. That is why we use zero drop, flat soles that offer protection combined with the ability to feel the touch of the earth.
Our uppers are flexible, spacious and stylish. Giving room for your feet to move as they need to and make the most of the 28 bones, 30 joints and over 100 muscles to support you in all aspects of daily life.”

Hattie Duke
June 2020
Gaucho Ninja and Make it Leather Team

*This article is inspired by the work of Harvard University Human Evolutionary Biology Professor Daniel Lieberman, in his book The Story of the Human Body, chapter about minimalist footwear, Allen Lane Press, 2013

::Why Gaucho NINJA?::

Lisandro has practiced and taught the martial art of Bujinkan/Ninjutsu throughout his adult life. He has been inspired by ninja shoes and footwear designs from Japan 足袋 ブーツ and especially the importance of healthy shoes for those who understand the importance of caring for our feet.

He also takes his inspiration from the 34th grandmaster of Bujinkan, Masaaki Hatsumi, who says that a true ninja lives his life in resonance with nature. A ninja lives to protect life and nature.

::The Raw Materials::

Leather is a by-product. Animals are not killed for their skins. By using leather products your ethical conscience can rest assured that you are making exceptionally good use of what would otherwise be waste.
Gaucho Ninja sources the leather from 6 artisan tanneries of Spain. This leather is tanned in the traditional way in Spain by master tanners using traditional tools and methods tried and tested over many generations. These craftsmen are elders, in the true sense of the word, whose knowledge and skills come from their forefathers. The result is a material that industrial methods cannot accomplish.
Each piece of leather is unique, your eyes will delight in the different tones and depth of color. The differences in shade and shadow reminding you of the grace of a moving animal.
Gaucho Ninja value connection and strive to build a personal relationship with all of their suppliers.

The thread used to stitch each item is polyester thread from Germany (Gutermann). A&E Gutermann are using the latest technologies to increase their range of thread recycled from plastic bottles.
The shoe soles are Vibram (Italian brand), flexible and molded by hand for a close comfortable fit. They are made principally of natural rubber. Leather soles can also be selected for a more grounded feeling.

The soles are stuck and then sewn to the shoe with heavy duty thread in a process known as welting. The uppers of the shoe are pulled and nailed to the insole. Then a leather sole or a Vibram sole is glued (depending on the design) and manually stitched.
This process is done manually with a basic home-made sole stitching lever designed by a shoemaker in Spain for this purpose. It takes from 1 to 1½ hours to stitch the soles onto a pair of shoes.

::The Tools::

The majority of tools used in the workshop are traditional leather making hand tools. A few of them are invented by Lisandro Serra Delmar. The process of using these from beginning to end contributes to creating a product which contains within it the care and attention to detail that only the human hand and eye can achieve. Each shoe, wallet, belt or bag is brought to life by the skill of its maker.
In a world dominated by machine made products it is easy to lose sight of how much we are nourished by products that are made by hand.
One of the key tools is a razor sharp Modern Damascus steel round knife with which to cut the leather.
Another is a flat knife given to Lisandro by master leatherworker Hajime Niwa, from Japan
Lisandro is always on the lookout for tools made the traditional way, tools that endure and knives that keep their edge.

::The Science::

‘My experience as a martial artist made me realise the importance of feeling with my feet. Standard shoes are made for exactly the opposite purpose: not to feel anything. Instead of having the feet trapped in rigid unforgiving boxes, the shoes are made with the understanding that feet need to be treated with the same care with which we treat our hands. My aim is to make gloves for feet.

The tabi, split toe Japanese traditional shoe for indoors, is an excellent example of this, as the big toe separated from the rest allows the tendons to do their work, the toes will spread in a natural way preventing bunions and also the tabi provides an excellent sense of balance. My passion for Ninja, Samurai and Japanese culture made me go deeper and deeper in exploring tabi designs. Now I blend that with the barefoot feeling.

In the words of a group of Osteopaths and Physiotherapists (
In an ideal world a shoe should:
Be flexible and not rigid, to enable the foot to move as it has evolved to do.
It should have a wide toe box (the width of the front of the shoe) so as to not squash the toes together, again to enable them to move and adjust to the ground.
It should not have (or have minimal) difference between the height of the heel and the front of the shoe – the heel to toe drop. Most shoes have a higher heel than toe when looked at from the side. The higher the heel, the more posturally compromising the shoe.
It is worth bearing in mind that your foot has more nerve endings than your hand. It has evolved to be incredibly sensitive to inform your body of what you are walking on, enabling you to balance. Each step you take initiates a cascade of muscular contractions that start at your foot, works up and across your body and ends in your opposite arm. You need your foot to be able to be receptive and to move naturally to enable this to occur.
Just like any part of the body, the foot muscles and nervous system will get deconditioned if not allowed to function properly.

::Tailor made shoes::
Traditional skills and modern technology working together

Using Rhino 6 and LutraCAD software I can print bespoke shoe lasts.

We are in a world where our feet are forced to fit into a 'standard' shoe last designed in Italy or China according to the year's fashion aesthetics. Not only that, they only design one size that later is scaled to all the sizes. This causes lots of health issues such as bunions.

If we think about how much we depend on our feet we would spend more time looking for footwear that cares for them. Through our feet (and our shoes) we feel the earth, we move around, we stand, we walk... All of this for at least 16 hours a day.
My recent research made me realise the importance of healthy shoes that connect to the ground, that are breathable and flexible. All traditional cultures used barefoot style shoes, mostly made with leather and bespoke to size.


To promote the use of natural footwear to support health and wellbeing
To continue to expand the use of barefoot shoes and boots to maintain or rediscover our connection with the natural world
To keep alive true craftsmanship and produce leather goods made to last
To create products which are beautiful as well as practical
To use traditional methods and support them with benefits of modern technology
To provide teaching and learning opportunities for children and adults
To reduce waste by using all cardboard, paper packaging with no plastic, and to reuse leather offcuts in local educational projects

Shipping from United Kingdom

Processing time

4-6 weeks

Customs and import taxes

Buyers are responsible for any customs and import taxes that may apply. I'm not responsible for delays due to customs.

Payment Options

Secure options
  • Accepts Etsy gift cards

Returns & Exchanges

I gladly accept returns and exchanges

Just contact me within: 14 days of delivery

Ship items back to me within: 21 days of delivery

I don't accept cancellations

But please contact me if you have any problems with your order.

The following items can't be returned or exchanged

Because of the nature of these items, unless they arrive damaged or defective, I can't accept returns for:

  • Custom or personalized orders
  • Perishable products (like food or flowers)
  • Digital downloads
  • Intimate items (for health/hygiene reasons)

Conditions of return

Buyers are responsible for return shipping costs. If the item is not returned in its original condition, the buyer is responsible for any loss in value.

Frequently Asked Questions

Lifetime warranty in some of the products

The warranty applies to all leather goods as marked and is specific to material defects or defects found in the craftsmanship of the product. It does not apply to improper use, washing, loss, wear and tear or any other situation regarding the product. The Lifetime Guarantee assumes that you have been regularly conditioning the item with Gaucho Ninja Leather Conditioner to keep the leather fibers in good shape. It can be purchased separately at my shop. If you believe an item purchased from Gaucho Ninja’s shop shows a material defect within the years of purchase, please get in touch via email and send photos of the defect. Gaucho Ninja may then offer to repair the product free of charge providing the customer pays shipping to and from Gaucho

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